Section 3 of Indian Patent Law

Inventions not patentable Section 3
An invention which is frivolous or which claims anything obviously contrary to well established laws is not an invention Section 3(a)
An invention, the primary or intended use or commercial exploitation of which would be contrary to public order or morality or which causes serious prejudice to human, animal or plant life or health or to the environment is not an invention. Section 3(b)
The mere discovery of a scientific principle or the formulation of an abstract theory or discovery of any living thing or non-living substance occurring in nature is not an invention. Section 3(c)
The mere discovery of a new form of a known substance which does not result in the enhancement of the known efficacy of that substance or the mere discovery of any new property or new use for a known substance or of the mere use of a known process, machine or apparatus unless such known process results in a new product or employs at least one new reactant is not an invention. Section 3(d)
A substance obtained by a mere admixture resulting only in the aggregation of the properties of the components thereof

or a process for producing such substance is not an invention

Section 3(e)
The mere arrangement or re-arrangement or duplication of known devices each functioning independently of one another in a known way is not an invention. Section 3(f)
A method of agriculture or horticulture is not an invention. Section 3(h)
Any process for the medicinal, surgical, curative, prophylactic, diagnostic, therapeutic or other treatment of human beings or any process for a similar treatment of animals to render them free of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products is not an invention. Section 3(i)
Plants and animals in whole or any part thereof other than micro-organisms but including seeds, varieties and species

and essentially biological processes for production or propagation of plants and animals are not inventions.

Section 3(j)
A mathematical or business method or a computer programme per se or algorithms are not inventions and hence not patentable. Section 3(k)
A literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work or any other aesthetic creation whatsoever including cinematographic

works and television productions is not an invention

Section 3(l)
A mere scheme or rule or method of performing mental act or method of playing game is not an invention. Section 3(m)
A presentation of information is not an invention. Section 3(n)
Topography of integrated circuits is not an invention. Section 3(o)
An invention which in effect, is traditional knowledge or which is an aggregation or duplication of known properties of traditionally known component or components is not an invention. Section 3(p)
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